To be David’s Son and a King

Prophecy: The Messiah would be from the Tribe of Judah, to be David’s Son and a King

God's Promise to the Tribe of Judah
The Messiah is to come from the tribe of Judah, be the son of David, and be greater than David. David’s kingdom is connected to the future Messianic kingdom to fulfill this eternal promise. As it was written in the Tanakh (NIV & TLV),

Genesis 49:10The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until he to whom it belongs shall come and the obedience of the nations shall be his.”

God's Promise to David's Throne
King David of Israel, was a man after God’s own heart. Before his death, God spoke to David:

2 Samuel 7:16 “”your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever.

Food for Thought: 

  • Why did the Scriptures always say “David’s throne” and never said “Solomon’s throne?”
  • Why didn’t Solomon’s throne last forever?
To Solomon, it appeared that he was promised a throne which would be established forever. It was shown later that Solomon did not meet God’s conditions (1 Kings 11:9-13); hence, Solomon’s throne was not forever.
  • How did God make David’s kingdom “established” forever?  See below.

How did Messiah Jesus Fulfill the Prophecy?

As it was written in the New Covenant (NIV & TLV), 

Matthew 2:6 “‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for out of you will come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.’”

The Lineage of David
Jewish people have been waiting for the coming of the Messiah, and from the Tanakh, they know that the Messiah was from the tribe of Judah, the lineage of David. Therefore, it was important that the genealogical scrolls be carefully recorded and stored (such as. Eraz chapter 2, 1 Chronicles chapter 1-9:44) so that everyone knew those who were under the descendant of David in the past.
David's Kingdom was "Established" by Jesus.

Jesus was born to Joseph, a descendant of David (Matthew 1:1-17). Some scholars believe that the Jewish genealogical records were stored in the Temple. Since Jesus was born before the Temple was destroyed in 70 CE, no one accused Jesus of not being a descendant of Judah before 70 CE.

Matthew 1:1 “This is the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah the son of David, the son of Abraham:”

David’s kingdom was “established” by the Jewish Messiah Jesus in the first century. David’s throne was “established” when God raised “up Jesus to sit on His throne” and exalted Him “to the right hand of God” (Acts 2:29-36).

14 generations
The Son of Abraham
" 2 Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers, 3 Judah the father of Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar, Perez the father of Hezron, Hezron the father of Ram, 4 Ram the father of Amminadab, Amminadab the father of Nahshon, Nahshon the father of Salmon, 5 Salmon the father of Boaz, whose mother was Rahab, Boaz the father of Obed, whose mother was Ruth, Obed the father of Jesse, 6 and Jesse the father of King David."
14 generations
The Son of David

"David was the father of Solomon, whose mother had been Uriah’s wife,
7 Solomon the father of Rehoboam,
Rehoboam the father of Abijah,
Abijah the father of Asa,
8 Asa the father of Jehoshaphat,
Jehoshaphat the father of Jehoram,
Jehoram the father of Uzziah,
9 Uzziah the father of Jotham,
Jotham the father of Ahaz,
Ahaz the father of Hezekiah,
10 Hezekiah the father of Manasseh,
Manasseh the father of Amon,
Amon the father of Josiah,
11 and Josiah the father of Jeconiah and his brothers at the time of the exile to Babylon."

The Exile
14 generations
From the Exile to the Messiah
" 12 After the exile to Babylon: Jeconiah was the father of Shealtiel, Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel, 13 Zerubbabel the father of Abihud, Abihud the father of Eliakim, Eliakim the father of Azor, 14 Azor the father of Zadok, Zadok the father of Akim, Akim the father of Elihud, 15 Elihud the father of Eleazar, Eleazar the father of Matthan, Matthan the father of Jacob, 16 and Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, and Mary was the mother of Jesus who is called the Messiah."
Jesus Who is Called the Messiah
" 17 Thus there were fourteen generations in all from Abraham to David, fourteen from David to the exile to Babylon, and fourteen from the exile to the Messiah."
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