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The Upper Room

The Upper Room is also known as the Cenoculum, a Latin word meaning “dinner.”   The Upper Room is located on Mount Zion and the building was built in about the 11th century CE.  Within the same building, the King David’s tomb is on the lower floor, the Upper Room is on the second floor while a Muslim mosque was occupied on the same floor in the 16th century.  It is an interesting fact that these three major religious had been under the same roof.

The tomb of King David was built in approximately the 11th century CE.   Therefore the tomb of King David was just a memorial to King David.  According to Acts 2:29, Peter, one of the 12 disciples, had mentioned about the tomb of King David.  It is possible that the tomb still existed in Jesus’ time and people knew where the exact location of the King David’s tomb was.  

Acts 2:29-36

29 Fellow Israelites, I may say to you confidently of our ancestor David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30  Since he was a prophet, he knew that God had sworn with an oath to him that he would put one of his descendants on his throne. 31 Foreseeing this, David spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, saying, ‘He was not abandoned to Hades, nor did his flesh experience corruption.’ 32  This Jesus God raised up, and of that all of us are witnesses.  33  Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this that you both see and hear.  34  For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says, ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand, 35  until I make your enemies your footstool.” 36  Therefore let the entire house of Israel know with certainty that God has made him both Lord and Messiah, this Jesus whom you crucified.”

the entrance of the upper room

This is the upstairs entrance to where Jesus and His disciples ate the Last Supper together before His crucifixion.

The Passover with the Disciples

Mark 14:12-16

12  On the first day of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover lamb is sacrificed, his disciples said to him, “Where do you want us to go and make the preparations for you to eat the Passover?”  13  So he sent two of his disciples, saying to them, “Go into the city, and a man carrying a jar of water will meet you; follow him,  14  and wherever he enters, say to the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher asks, Where is my guest room where I may eat the Passover with my disciples?’  15  He will show you a large room upstairs, furnished and ready. Make preparations for us there.”  16  So the disciples set out and went to the city, and found everything as he had told them; and they prepared the Passover meal.

inside of the upper room

Before Jesus was arrested, He spoke these words to the right to His disciples (Luke 22:14-23)

Luke 22:14-23 The Institution of the Lord’s Supper

14  When the hour came, he took his place at the table, and the apostles with him.  15  He said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; 16  for I tell you, I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”  17  Then he took a cup, and after giving thanks he said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves; 18  for I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.”  19  Then he took a loaf of bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”  20  And he did the same with the cup after supper, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood. 21  But see, the one who betrays me is with me, and his hand is on the table.  22  For the Son of Man is going as it has been determined, but woe to that one by whom he is betrayed!”  23 Then they began to ask one another which one of them it could be who would do this.

the place where the Holy Spirit descended during Pentecost

In Christian tradition, this room also marks the place where the Holy Spirit descended during Pentecost. 

Acts 2:1-13 The Coming of the Holy Spirit

When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place.  And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rush of a violent wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting.  Divided tongues, as of fire, appeared among them, and a tongue rested on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages, as the Spirit gave them ability.

Now there were devout Jews from every nation under heaven living in Jerusalem.  And at this sound the crowd gathered and was bewildered, because each one heard them speaking in the native language of each.  Amazed and astonished, they asked, “Are not all these who are speaking Galileans?  And how is it that we hear, each of us, in our own native language?  Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10  Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes,  11  Cretans and Arabs—in our own languages we hear them speaking about God’s deeds of power.”  12  All were amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, “What does this mean?”  13  But others sneered and said, “They are filled with new wine.”

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